Example frame.

An example of annotated frame.

(a) and (b) show a reference person at two extremes of a predefined quadrilateral; (c) a perspective map to scale pixels by their relative size in the three-dimensional scene.


Including video frames in jpeg format, ground truth, perspective normalised features, and perspective normalisation map.


The mall dataset was collected from a publicly accessible webcam for crowd counting and profiling research.

Ground truth: Over 60,000 pedestrians were labelled in 2000 video frames. We annotated the data exhaustively by labelling the head position of every pedestrian in all frames.

Video length: 2000 frames
Frame size: 640x480
Frame rate: < 2 Hz

The dataset is intended for research purposes only and as such cannot be used commercially. Please cite the following publication(s) when this dataset is used in any academic and research reports.


  1. From Semi-Supervised to Transfer Counting of Crowds
    C. C. Loy, S. Gong, and T. Xiang
    in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision, pp. 2256-2263, 2013 (ICCV)
    PDF Poster Project Page
  2. Cumulative Attribute Space for Age and Crowd Density Estimation
    K. Chen, S. Gong, T. Xiang, and C. C. Loy
    in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 2467-2474, 2013 (CVPR, Oral)
    PDF Poster Project Page
  3. Crowd Counting and Profiling: Methodology and Evaluation
    C. C. Loy, K. Chen, S. Gong, T. Xiang
    in S. Ali, K. Nishino, D. Manocha, and M. Shah (Eds.), Modeling, Simulation and Visual Analysis of Crowds, Springer, vol. 11, pp. 347-382, 2013
  4. Feature Mining for Localised Crowd Counting
    K. Chen, C. C. Loy, S. Gong, and T. Xiang
    British Machine Vision Conference, 2012 (BMVC)
    PDF Extended Abstract Poster Project Page